It all begins with the story of a man. As a child, he liked to play in the scrubby thickets where he held rabbit traps. He learned to crawl in silence, to recognize his path, to read the traces, to make fire easily concealable.
This man is English, his name is BADEN-POWELL. He became a soldier, and general of the English colonial army.
It was in 1900, during the Transvaal War in South Africa, during a siege that he had to support MAFEKING against the Boers (Dutch), that our history takes its first steps. B.P (so all Scouts call him (bi-pi)) was so destitute of soldiers that he had to send all those he could dispose of to the front. He paced the streets of the town of Mafeking, and picked up all the idle young boys who were dragging in the streets, entrusting them with missions of scouts and couriers. They did very well, and the city was saved.
He is acclaimed as a hero on his return, and young boys asked him for life advice by mail. He takes these demands seriously, first responds to them always to seek to do a good action a day to his neighbor, “a good turn”. Given the interest he had aroused among many young people, he attempted the first serious experiment of Scouting from 25 July to 9 August 1907 on the island of BROWSEA. It brings together young people, adventure, and an ideal … and it works! The boys, however, come from all walks of life … The promise on his honor to always do his best was materialized.
Concretely, BP attracts young people (aged 12 to 17), places them in the wild under the direction of a leader who is barely older than them, and takes by themselves, outside the usual frameworks, An overly military mind to fend for themselves by copying what the steppe runners did in the colonies: knowing nature, surviving, sleeping, eating there, while developing knowledge and gifts to better serve one’s neighbors . These activities were carried out on holidays, in troops of about thirty boys constituted in four patrols of 7 or 8 boys. The great novelty resulted from the acceptance of a positive law in 10 articles that the young scout Solemnly pledged to observe, on honor, both within the framework of associative life and at home and every day.